Pedagogical Study on the Necessity of a "Handbook of Reference Points" in the Digital Learning Environment

Yoana Lukanova, Tsveta Hristova

© 2022 Yoana Lukanova, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International. (CC BY-NC 4.0).

Citation Information: SAR Journal. Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 46-51, ISSN 2619-9955,, March 2022.

Received: 27 November 2021.
Revised:   09 March 2022.
Accepted: 16 March 2022.
Published: 28 March 2022.


This paper presents a pedagogical study on the need for applying a "Handbook of reference points" in undergraduate midwifery students’ theoretical material in a digital learning environment. Although interactive learning methods in a digital environment are evaluated as fully effective, we demonstrate the necessity of using paper-based information resources. By means of an entry and a final test control, the success rates of the observed student groups are summarized and compared, which are transformed from the student's obtained grade. Statistical processing was performed with the STATISTICA 10 package (with the ANOVA module). Analysis of variance was performed on the collected data. The findings are significant for health care educators who face many challenges in a digital learning environment. It is concluded that with the use of the "Handbook of reference points" in the virtual room, students increase their practical training com petencies.

Keywords – digital learning environment, student midwives, handbook, pedagogical inquiry.


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