Spatial Legibility: Bibliometric and Visualization Analyses Using Vosviewer Software (1975-2023)

Emine Banu Burkut, Emine Köseoğlu

© 2023 Emine Köseoğlu, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International. (CC BY-NC 4.0).

Citation Information: SAR Journal. Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 137-148, ISSN 2619-9955,, September 2023.

Received: 03 August 2023.
Revised:   05 September 2023.
Accepted: 11 September 2023.
Published: 26 September 2023.


Spatial legibility has been associated in the literature as being comprehensible of the space, easy wayfinding in the space, and being able to draw a cognitive map of the space. This study aims to analyze the scope of spatial legibility research using bibliometric analysis and visualization using VOSviewer. The Web of Science database was utilized to gather information on spatial legibility studies. Title, keywords, and abstract requirements were used to construct the search results, which were based on topic categories from spatial legibility research. The Web of Science database research keywords (TS= ("spatial legibility")) OR TS= ("architectural legibility")) OR TS= ("urban legibility")) OR TS= ("legible cities")) OR TS= ("legible city"). It has been determined that the most used words by the authors in their publications are space syntax, legibility, intelligibility, cognitive map, image, landmark, spatial legibility, urban design, way finding, navigation, virtual environment, and perception. To sum up, this article will give an idea to researchers who will research spatial legibility.

Keywords – architectural legibility, spatial legibility, urban legibility, VOSviewer, Web of Science.


                                                                      Full text PDF