The Development and Validation of a Module on Enhancing Students' Critical Thinking, Collaboration and Writing Skills

Moustafa Mohamed Abdelmohsen

© 2020 Moustafa Mohamed Abdelmohsen, published by UIKTEN. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Citation Information: SAR Journal. Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 166-177, ISSN 2619-9955,, December 2020.

Received: 09 September 2020.
Revised:   05 December 2020.
Accepted: 12 December 2020.
Published: 30 December 2020.


This study aims to develop and test the validity of a module on enhancing students' collaboration, critical thinking (2Cs) and writing skills. To develop the module, the researcher used ADDIE model which incorporates five primary phases, namely Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. The study used a tryout group which incorporated 20 participants who studied English at The General Foundation Program at a private college in Oman. The study employed a pretest-posttest quasiexperimental design. Paired Samples t-Test was used to compare the mean scores of both tests. Apropos of module validity, a total of 5 experts validated the module. The findings revealed that there is a statistically significant mean difference between the participants' scores in both the pretest and posttest. Further, it was found that the module has good validity and reliability.

Keywords – Module/Instructional Design (ID), critical thinking, collaboration, validity, development.


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